Explaining Sensory Hearing Loss
Sensory hearing loss is similar to neural hearing loss, and it is also called sensorineural hearing loss if the auditory nerve is also damaged. Sensory hearing loss occurs primarily when […]
Sensory hearing loss is similar to neural hearing loss, and it is also called sensorineural hearing loss if the auditory nerve is also damaged. Sensory hearing loss occurs primarily when the cochlea is damaged. This type of hearing loss is often caused by Meniere’s disease, which leads to a buildup of fluid in the ear. This generally occurs in just one ear and can cause vertigo and hearing loss. The causes of Meniere’s disease are currently unknown.
This type of hearing loss can also be congenital, meaning that someone has it when they are born, and it can also be hereditary. Abnormal cochlea development, for example, can cause this type of hearing loss to occur. Meningitis, which infects the fluid around the brain, can also cause hearing problems if the fluid extends to the inner ear. Waardenburg’s syndrome, which is a hereditary condition, is also a leading cause of sensory hearing loss.
In addition to diseases, this type of hearing loss can be the result of repeated exposure to loud noises. Musicians and people who work in noisy environments can suffer from this problem. Even listening to loud music, around 70 decibels or higher, can cause damage and lead to hearing loss.
When this type of hearing loss occurs, it means that the hair cells on the cochlea have either been damaged or completely destroyed. If the cochlea is not severely damaged, then a person may be able to hear some or most sounds, but they will generally sound muffled. However, if the damage is severe, then the person might only be able to hear very little or not at all.
Sensory hearing loss cannot be treated or corrected at this time, but hearing aids do help people with this problem. In some cases this type of hearing loss results in complete deafness, meaning that the person affected must restructure his or her life accordingly. This can also affect a person’s ability to speak clearly.
Anyone who is experiencing hearing loss should see a doctor so that the doctor can determine a plan of action. He or she can test a person to determine what type of hearing loss they have, and then he or she can determine what type of treatment is called for or what kind of hearing aid would be most beneficial.
Though the damage associated with sensory hearing loss is irreversible, there are some options that people have, such as using hearing aids.